The Upper Town or Gradec is the historical core of Zagreb Croatia. Established in the Middle Ages, up until the 19th century, it was, together with Kaptol, the central urbanized area of the city of Zagreb. Over the time, there were many buildings built to shape today’s appearance. The main square of the Upper Town is the St. Marks’s Square. Once a trading place and today the political headquarters of Croatia with the buildings of the Croatian Parliament, the Government, and the City Assembly.
The square is dominated by the church of St. Mark, originally a Gothic building from the 14th century. It was later redesigned in Neo-Gothic style. From the Middle Ages, a monumental southern portal with statues of twelve apostles was preserved. The portal was created under the influence of the famous Parler sculpture workshop in Prague and represents the most significant achievement of Gothic sculpture in continental Croatia. The roof of the church with historical coats of arms of Croatia and the city of Zagreb dates back to the 19th century.