Korčula

Korcula Island is an island in the Adriatic Sea. It’s an area of 279 km2 (108 sq mi); 46.8 km (29.1 mi) long and on the average 7.8 km (4.8 mi) wide — and lies simply off the Dalmatian coast. Its 15,522 inhabitants (2011) make it the second most inhabited Adriatic island after Krk and therefore the most inhabited Croatian island not connected to the land by a bridge. The island is twinned with Rothesay in Scotland.
Main settlements on the Korcula island are towns of Korčula, Vela Luka and Blato. The Korcula island is divided into municipalities of Korčula, Smokvica, Blato and Lumbarda.

Korčula Island

Korcula and Marco Polo

Marco Polo was in the group of first Europeans that have traveled the famous Silk Road trade route, stretching from the middle East to China.
Significantly, Polo is reputed to have been born in Korcula itself, though proof to support this thesis is at the best incomplete.
Korcula city still boasts Marko Polo’s alleged house of birth. Despite its rather plain interior, the houses’ tower (loggia) permits for a panoramic visual image of Korcula, stretching from east to west. The home is underneath the protection of the Korcula government building and it’ll shortly become a museum of Marco Polo.
If Marco’s place of birth is somewhat ambiguous, it’s bound that he was taken captive by the Genovese within the naval battle of Korcula, between the Venetian and Genovese states.

Korcula Climate

The Korcula climate is very mild, Mediterranean. Average temperatures are relatively high: annual avarage is 16.8 ° C. The coldest month is January 9.1 ° C, and the warmest is July 26.9 ° C. Daily and annual temperature differences are small, which is very favorable for agriculture and tourism.
Korcula climate is very favorable due to the fact that a number of sunny hours in a year is very high, even 2700. Rains are rare, about 41 days during the year mostly in the fall and winter, while in the late spring dominates the drought with rare, short storms. The average annual rain is 1,100 mm (43.3 in). The snow rarely falls, first in the village of Pupnatu and peaks around but it melts quickly because the temperature rarely drops below 0 ° C.
The average sea surface temperature in March is 12.9 ° C. The sea is the warmest summer, in July and August and in September when the average is 22.3 ° C.

Korcula Island of Marco Polo

How to Get to Korcula from Split

Ferries on Korcula island connect the city of Korčula with Orebić on the Pelješac peninsula and Drvenik on the mainland (near Makarska). Another line connects Vela Luka with Split and therefore the island of Lastovo. quick traveller catamarans connect those 2 ports with Split and therefore the islands of Hvar and Lastovo. The main Adriatic ferry line connects Korčula with Split, Dubrovnik, Zadar and Rijeka. Throughout the summer there are direct ferries to Italian Adriatic ports.

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